Diabetes Type 2 Symptoms, Tests and Best Foods for Diabetics

food for diabetics

Diabetes Type 2 is a condition that affects the ability of the body to produce or use insulin.
Insulin is a hormone that helps the body to use blood sugar to get energy.

Any problem related to insulin will rise to the blood sugar abnormally to high levels, and over time Diabetes causes damage to the blood vessels and nerves.

Symptoms of high blood sugar

1-Difficulty in vision (Blurred)
2-Tingling and numbness in the hands and feet
3-Increased frequency of urination
4-Always thirsty and hungry
5-Easily get fatigued and tired

Who should undergo a blood sugar test?

Some people should be tested for diabetes even if they have no symptoms.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) of overweight (BMI greater than 25), or if the person in a in the following categories:

1. The race is very risky (African American, Latin American, Native American, Pacific Islander, and Asian American).

2 - How much he suffers from high blood pressure, high triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol, or heart disease.

3. A family history of diabetes.

4. There is an abnormal personal history of blood sugar levels or signs of insulin resistance.

5. Persons who do not participate in regular physical activity.

6. Any woman with a history of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or gestational diabetes.

7. ADA also recommends a preliminary blood glucose test if a person is over 45 years of age. This helps to determine the baseline blood sugar levels. As the risk of diabetes increases with age, the test can help you identify opportunities for improvement and improve your condition. .

Types of diabetes tests

First:  Blood tests for diabetes

Blood tests for diabetes are divided into:

1 - A1c test

The blood test allows the doctor to determine the levels of blood sugar in the body. The A1C test is one of the most common tests.

The red blood cells have a life span of approximately three months. The A1C test measures blood sugar for about three months. The test requires only a small amount of blood, and the results are measured by percentage:

A. Results are less than 5.7 per cent normal.
B. Results between 5.7 and 6.4 per cent refer to diabetes predispositions.
C. Results that are equivalent to or greater than 6.5% indicate diabetes.

2 - Random blood sugar test

The random blood glucose test involves blood sugar test at any time, regardless of when the person last ate the food, and results that are equal to or greater than 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dL) indicate diabetes.

3 - Fasting blood sugar test

Tests for fasting blood sugar means a test of blood after fasting during the night, which means not to eat for 8 to 12 hours, and the proportions are:

A. Results less than 100 mg / dl.
B. Results between 100 and 125 mg / dL indicate the introduction of diabetes.
C. Results that are equal to or greater than 126 mg / dL after two tests, indicating diabetes.

4 - Oral glucose tolerance test

The oral glucose test (OGTT) is administered over a two-hour period, blood glucose is first tested, a glycemic drink is introduced, and two hours later blood sugar levels are tested again:

A. Results are less than 140 mg / dL.
B. Results between 140 and 199 mg / dL indicate the introduction of diabetes.
C. Results that are equivalent to or greater than 200 mg / dL indicate diabetes.

Second: Urine test for diabetes

Urine tests are not always used to diagnose diabetes, and are often used by doctors if they believe that a person has type 1 diabetes. 

The body produces ketone bodies when using fatty tissue instead of blood sugar, and the lab can test urine for these ketones. Present in moderate to large amounts in the urine. This may indicate that the body does not produce enough insulin.

Third: Pregnancy diabetes tests

Gestational diabetes can occur when a woman is pregnant.
Women with risk factors should be tested for diabetes on their first visit to see if they already have diabetes.

Gestational diabetes occurs in the second and third trimester of pregnancy, two types of tests to diagnose gestational diabetes are:

1-This test involves drinking glucose syrup. The blood is tested after an hour to measure blood glucose levels. The result is 130 to 140 mg / dL or less.

2-The second test involves a two-hour glucose tolerance test, similar to the test described above, and one out-of-range value is a diagnosis of gestational diabetes using this test

Diabetes Treatment Options

1-Diabetes Medications
2-Insulin Pump

Best 7 Foods and Recipes for diabetics

There are some foods or recipes that help control your blood sugar level.

1. Cinnamon

Many medical studies have revealed that cinnamon contributes to lowering blood sugar, including research published in the journal "Diabetes Care" confirmed that eating a gram or more of cinnamon daily contributes to reducing the "fasting" blood sugar by 30%, and contribute to reduce levels of cholesterol and triglycerides.

2. Walnuts

Enjoy the properties of great anti-oxidant and anti-cancer and inflammation and viruses, which contribute to reduce the development of diabetes and contribute to control and reduce symptoms.

3. Spinach

Watercress and green leafy vegetables contribute to reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes. The higher the amount of leafy vegetables eaten by humans, the lower the risk.

4. Olive oil

One of the components of the Mediterranean diet, which contributes to the fight against diabetes type 2, and is rich in antioxidants that reduce the risk of heart disease and protect cells from damage.

5. Oatmeal

Reduces the risk of diabetes and magnesium, which reduces blood sugar levels. A 10-year study found that magnesium-rich diets reduce the risk of diabetes by 19%.

6. Broccoli

It is one of the best foods that fight diabetes. It has great anti-inflammatory properties that limit the complications of diabetes. It also reduces blood sugar levels.

7. Dark chocolate

Rich in flavonoids, which limit the resistance of the hormone insulin and contribute to control blood glucose levels, according to many medical research.


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